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胡泳  

胡泳,北京大学新闻与传播学院副教授,博士。价值中国网(www.chinavalue.net)总编辑。中国传播学会常务理事。著有《网络为王》、《众声喧哗》等,译有《数字化生存》、《未来是湿的》等。

北京大学新闻与传播学院副教授,博士。价值中国网(www.chinavalue.net)总编辑。中国传播学会常务理事。著有《网络为王》、《众声喧哗》等,译有《数字化生存》、《未来是湿的》等。

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5th cnbloggercon: micro power and a broader world  

2009-11-16 19:38:58|  分类: expect |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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http://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/11/12/the-5th-chinese-blogger-conference-micro-power-and-a-boarder-world/

The5th Chinese blogger conference: micro power and a broader world

Thursday, November 12th, 2009 @ 03:27 UTC

by Oiwan Lam

5th cnbloggercon:  micro power and a broader world - 胡泳 - 胡泳的BlogThis post is alsoavailable in:

Français:

La 5ème conférence des blogueurs chinois: micro-pouvoir dans un monde plus vaste


The 5th Chineseblogger conference took place last weekend in a rural county Lianzhou innorthern part of Guangdong province. Despite the inconvenient traffic, therewere around 150 participants from China and overseas attended the conference.

The conference slogan this year is “Micro power and aboarder world”, theorganizing committee explained:

今年年会的口号是微动力,广天地,旨在展望越来越微观的信息分享手段和管道,促进社会进步与协作,并带来直接效应的生活方式。一段媒母,一张照片,或者一枚明信片,都可能带来积极的社会改变,更不用说有千千万万的可能性正在孕育中,带给我们一片广阔的思想天地。

This year the slogan of the annualconference is “Micro power and a broader world”. We want to look into varioustools and channels of micro information sharing and its implication towardssocial progress, cooperation and people's life. No matter whether it is a meme,a photo or a postcard, they have the potential in changing our society. Not tomention the fact that the space generated by the tools opens up millions ofpossibilities open up our horizon.


Hu Yong, the keynote speaker of this year's conference, further elaborated the ideaof “micro power” in his talk:

每个人承担责任,不是别的,就是微动力。微,就是每一个普通的中国公民,我在上面称之为大人物的人。动力,指的不是别的,而是说,不论言语有千条万条,改变世界的其实还是行动。

Every single person has to bear one'sresponsibility and such sense of responsibility is micro power. The meaning ofmicro refers to every single Chinese citizen, I have called them “big people”in the previous section. The meaning of power refers to action that bringschange to the world.

微,也可以指日常化的微观政治。政治可以分为宏观政治和微观政治,宏观政治是结构性的,微观政治是日常化的。匈牙利作家康诺德1982年写过一本书叫做《反政治》,其中包含了许多被后来的人们追踪的议题。哈维尔经常用的概念有反政治的政治无权者的权力公民的首创精神等。既然极权的权力是无所不在、无所不能的,它全面扑灭来自生活的任何自发性和自主性,是对于广大丰富的生活领域的全面攻击和扼杀,那么,从生活的任何一个面向、起点、领域开始,都可能造成对于极权制度的抵制和反抗。哈维尔的翻译者崔卫平老师认为,反政治的政治不去追逐政治权力,不制定一种纲领反对另外一种纲领,不试图以政治手段(更替领导人乃至改朝换代)解决问题。相反,反政治提倡在日常生活的领域中随时随地展开工作。其实,这也说的就是如何从身边的治理做起。所以,在以上我说到的互联网激发的中国民众的公共精神之中,我们必须大力强调公民的首创精神,即任何人可以从任何地方开始。这就是我所理解的微动力。

The word micro can also refer to dailymicro politics. We have macro and micro politics. Macro is structural whilemicro is daily politics. Hungarian writer Gyorgy Konrad wrote a book titled as“Antipolitics” in 1982. The book has many ideas that elaborated by others.Ideas such as “politics of anti-politics”, “power of the powerless”,“originality of citizen” are Václav Havel's favorite terms. When the power ofauthoritarianism is omnipresent, its termination has to come from therealization of people's autonomy and initiation in daily life. When theauthoritarian system invades people's living domain, people's daily act canalso resist against such control. Cui Weiping, the Chinese translator of VaclavHavel's writings, pointed out that “the politics of antipolitics” is not tostruggle for political power, it is not to produce a set of agenda to replaceanother set of agenda, and it does not attempt to solve the problem viapolitical means (replacing leaders or power bloc). On the other hand,“antipolitics” operates in the level of daily life. In other words, theself-governance of an individual. That's why, when we address the issue of thedevelopment of Internet public sphere, we have to emphasize the “originality ofcitizen”. Every individual can take initiation where ever they want. This ishow I understand micro power.

微动力为什么重要?在过去,少数几个动力十足的人和几乎没有动力的大众一起行动,通常导致令人沮丧的结果。那些激情四射的人不明白为什么大众没有更多的关心,大众则不明白这些痴迷者为什么不能闭嘴。而今天,有高度积极性的那些人应致力于降低行动的门槛,让那些只介意一点的人能参与一点,而所有的努力汇总起来则将十分有力。比如,一封小小的明信片,也能汇成强大的呐喊。

Why micro power is so important? In thepast, whenever a few action oriented people acted with the passive masses, theresults were depressing. The passionate activists could not understand why themasses did not show enough concern and enthusiasm while the masses could notunderstand why the fanatic activists could not just shut up. Today, activistsshould facilitate action and allow people who are not deeply involved incampaign and movement to participate. Their acts will be very powerful oncethey are aggregated together. For example, a piece of postcard can turn into apowerful scream when hundreds and thousands of them are mailed to the samedestination.


Blogger Guangyao, reflected upon Hu Yong's talk and pointed out that the preconditionto the practice of micro power is the ability to think independently:

然而微动力之前必需是独立思考,因为在这个社会哺育了畸形的价值观。在这个国家对成功的普遍定义是你是否成为一个能比别人赚更多钱的财主,这个社会不断容 忍对于社会良知和道德的底线,当然最畸形的是太多人对于独立思考的不自知。这个国家无疑比60年前有更大物质自由又更高的学历,然而这个国家在60年前后一样没有独立思考精神。50年或者100年的未来赋予了今天重要的社会及历史的责任,作为每个具体的个体,应当以微动力之势前行。用艾未未的一句话,每个人承担责任,可能是这个社会将来变化的一个最基本的可能。如果没有这种可能,这个社会不会发生变化。

It requires independent thinking forrealizing micro power. This society has distorted our value. In this country,the definition of being success is to get as much money as possible and becomewealthy. As a result, the society has kept lowering its baseline of socialconscience and morality. Too many people are unaware of the need to thinkindependently. Of course, our material well being and education are much betterwhen compared to 60 years ago, but our ability to think independently remainsmore or less the same. Hence, our responsibility to our society and history inthe future 50 or 100 years is to act as an individual and create a trend bypracticing our micro power. Here I would like to quote Ai Weiwei's words: “Thepossibility for this world to change relies on every individual's commitment toundertake their responsibility, or else the world will never be changed.”


Media studies student from Let's blog together interviewed IsaacMao during the Asia blogfest and associated the concept ofmicro power with “cloud intelligence”:

微动力,广天地体现的思想,与毛向辉的“Cloud Intelligence”理论一脉相承。
在网络时代,人们有更多的机会随时随地分享。当人们在不断分享自己、分享自己认同的别人的观点时,慢慢地形成了一种现象,毛向辉称之为“Cloud Intelligence”

The idea of “Micro power and a boarderworld” is similar to Isaac Mao's theory.
In the Internet era, people have more opportunities to share whenever theywant. “Cloud Intelligence” happens when people continuously share their ideasand opinions that they agree with.

一个人分享了一个观点,其他人看到之后又分享了这个观点,更多人看到之后继续分享给其他人。通过这样不断地分享,就可以实现一群人做决定。这跟水滴聚集形成云的过程相似——毛向辉把个体比作水滴,而当个体因为认同某个观点而不断分享时,他们就聚集起来,形成一股力量,一股甚至可以改变国家政策、社会秩序的力量。

When a person shares an idea with others,other people will pick that up and continue to forward that idea to others, soon and so forth. Such kind of continuous sharing would eventually realize thewill of these people. The process is like water drops coming together to formcloud. Isaac Mao compares individual to a drop of water and when individualkeeps sharing the ideas that they agree with, these people would come togetherand turn into a power that can change government policy and social order.

今年6月,厦门网友郭宝锋因传播严晓玲案被福州警方扣留,网友发动一人一张明信片的行动,给狱中的郭宝锋寄明信片,写着:妈妈喊你回家吃饭。从全国各地蜂拥而至的明信片,最后真的促进了郭的释放。

In June this year, netizen Guo Baofeng wasdetained by Fuzhou police because he spread information regarding YanXiaoling's unnatural death. Other netizens took action by sending postcards tothe detention center where Guo Baofeng was held. Each postcard was marked witha sentence: “mother is calling you home for dinner”. These postcards were sentfrom all across the country and eventually Guo was released.

小小的明信片能把人从看守所解救出来,体现了微动力所创造的天地,这就是“Cloud Intelligence”的力量。

A piece of postcard has eventually led tothe release of Guo from the detention center. It is an example of “micro-power”creating a new “world”. It also manifests the power of “cloud intelligence”.


Blogger Kissfree spelled out explicitly that “micro power”is to call upon citizen's awareness:

促进社会改变不一定要刀枪,微动力的力量不可忽视,我觉得微动力的本质就是呼唤公民意识,让人们多了一份责任,不再茫然然过日子。微动力通过汇集众人力量来促进社会进步,虽然公民社会在天朝起步不易,但人心所向,不是一两个人物或是某个集团能阻止的,相反他们应当顺应潮流甚至加入我们,微动力——人民的力量!

We don't need swords and guns to transformour society. We should not under estimate micro power. The essence of micropower is to call upon citizen's awareness so that they would take up theirresponsibility and fill up their lives with meaning. Through aggregation ofpeople's will, micro power can bring progress to the society. Although there isa lot of obstacles for the development of civil society in China, when people'swill is pointing towards the same direction, neither the power bloc norpowerful individuals could stop the momentum. On the contrary, they have tofollow the trend and join us. Micro power is people's power!


 

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