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胡泳  

胡泳,北京大学新闻与传播学院副教授,博士。价值中国网(www.chinavalue.net)总编辑。中国传播学会常务理事。著有《网络为王》、《众声喧哗》等,译有《数字化生存》、《未来是湿的》等。

北京大学新闻与传播学院副教授,博士。价值中国网(www.chinavalue.net)总编辑。中国传播学会常务理事。著有《网络为王》、《众声喧哗》等,译有《数字化生存》、《未来是湿的》等。

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用twitter作采访有什么不同?  

2009-05-24 15:41:24|  分类: expect |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

 

57日和8日,我和IsaacMaoTwitter上互访。这个互访先后被翻成英文、德文和西班牙文。

德文:

http://de.globalvoicesonline.org/2009/05/09/china-isaac-mao-twinterview-mit-hu-yong/

西班牙文:

http://es.globalvoicesonline.org/2009/05/14/china-isaac-mao-twitentrevista-a-hu-yong

 

英文如下:

http://globalvoicesonline.org/2009/05/07/china-isaac-mao-twinterviews-hu-yong/

China: IsaacMao #twinterviews Hu Yong

Thursday, May7th, 2009 @ 15:58 UTC

by John Kennedy

Those faithfully following the #China Twitter streamlate on the working day on Thursday were treated to a surprise when Isaac Mao began twinterviewingPeking University associate professor of new media Hu Yong, author of severalbooks related to Internet theory and culture.

From Mao's blog, Isaac 2.0,here is the transcript:

#1 作為中國最早感知互聯網浪潮的一撮人,當時和現在有什么差別?
当时是亚当和夏娃的简单乐园,现在失乐园了,成了丛林。盛行丛林法则。

Q1: As one of theearliest few people in China to sense the Internet wave coming, how do thingsdiffer now from back then?
A1: At the time it was Adam and Eve and a simple garden; now, “Paradise Lost”has become a jungle. The law of the jungle prevails.

#2 可是《數字化生存》并沒有考慮到那么多復雜情況,是否還是過于理想?
《数字化生存》的最大价值,是指出了未来社会的基本建构成分是比特而不是原子。这可以解释为什么今日众多产业面临绝境,也可以解释为什么中国政府花费那么大的人力物力修墙。当然,我那时和尼葛洛庞帝一样,是个乐观主义者,相信闪闪发亮的比特

Q2: Yet in “BeingDigital”, things don't seem so complicated, was it perhaps too idealistic?
A2: The main point in “Being Digital” was to point out that the society of thefuture would be constructed of bits, and not atoms. This can explain why somany industries today are in such dire straits, and can also explain why theChinese government spends such vast human and material resources in patching upthe wall. Of course, at that time, I was just as much an optimist asNegroponte, still believing in “shiny, happy bits”.

#3 可是我還是有疑問,尤其對中國,比特對傳統的思維催生變化了嗎?
传统思维的变化不是一日之功。比特开启了众声喧哗的进程:我们原来鸦雀无声,一旦有些机会说话,谁都不会好好说话,只会聒噪。但不要小看说话的作用:它是心理疗伤,疗中国千年专制之伤。

Q3: But I'm stillskeptical, especially with regards to China; will bits bring about change intraditional thinking?
A3: Changing traditional thinking won't happen overnight. Bits have launched aprocess of rising cacophony: once we were completely silent, but with the firstopportunity to speak, nobody is just talking, they're shouting. But we can'tundervalue the role of speaking: it's the cure for a psychological wound,curing the wound inflicted on China by a thousand years of autocracy.

#4 正要問《眾聲喧嘩》這本書,大家是喧嘩了,可是獲取手段多的人似乎更焦慮,那么沒有信息的人似乎反倒很安逸,這是真諦嗎?
好问题!这就是为什么那些获取了更多信息的人要致力于发起更多的对话和讨论。有时候我们用新技术武装至死:我们如此陷入技术的拥抱之中,忘记了社会的基本面。今天中国需要的是对一系列社会的基本问题进行讨论:一个拒绝讨论重大问题的文明,不是导向极权主义,就是通向死亡。

Q4: I want to askabout your book “The Rising Cacophony”. Everybody is making noise, and thosewith the most access to it seem to be the most worried, while yet those peoplewho lack information seem to be the calmeste, does that sound true to you?
A4: Good question! Which is, why are those with more information the ones havingthe most dialogue and discussion. Sometimes, we arm ourselves to death with newtechnology; caught up in the embrace of technology as such, we forget about thefundamentals of society. China today needs to discuss a series of fundamentalproblems within society; a civilization which refuses to discuss majorproblems, if it doesn't lead to totalitarianism, then it leads itself to death.

#5 你的電視媒體實踐也產生了很多影響,例如CCTV-2的變化(我叫#CCAV),是否更有相互比較的意味
我反对有人主张的对央视的新闻、宣传节目与网络都采取不看、不上、不听、不说四不政策,因为每一寸阵地都值得去争取

Q5: Yourexperience in television media has had great impact, such as the changes atCCTV-2. Between the two, which has comparatively more significance?
A5: I object to any stance which advocates not watching, visiting, listening toor talking about CCTV news, propaganda programs or websites, because every inchof territory is worth fighting for.

#6 在《草根不盡》報告導讀中,講了媒體和權力的關系,新媒體似乎更激進地改變這種關系,但是也被有效地鉗制在一定強度內,縱觀媒體史,會亘古不破嗎?
福柯尝言:权力得以稳固,为人们所接受,其原因非常简单,那就是它不只是作为说的强权施加压力,它贯穿于事物,产生事物,引发乐趣,生成知识,引起话语。新媒体就是要既反抗的高压,又反抗的贯穿;既牢记奥威尔,更不忘赫胥黎

Q6: In the Info-Rhizome report, you say thatwithin the relationship between media and authority, new media seems to moreradically change this kind of relationship, but at the same time areconstricted within a certain degree of influence; looking at the history ofmedia, can that ever change?
A6: Foucault once said that, “[w]hat makes power hold good, what makes itaccepted, is simply the fact that is doesn't only weigh on us as a force thatsays no; it also traverses and produces things, it induces pleasure, formsknowledge, produces discourse.” New media, however, revolts against thehigh-handedness of “no”, but also revolts against the traversal of “yes”; whichis why we must remember Orwell, and definitely mustn't forget Huxley.

#7 在美國,傳統媒體產業已經惶惶不可終日,四處尋找出路,這種先發焦慮是不是更有利于中國媒體軟轉型?
报刊和书籍更容易转型,因为它们的市场化较高;电视很难,因为中国电视有着畸形化的结构,且有意识形态和垄断的双重挡箭牌。无论如何,450亿元的外宣投资不会鼓励转型。

Q7: In America,traditional media are nearing their end of days, searching everywhere for a wayout. Does this sort of early anxiety signal well for the soft transition ofmedia in China?
A7: The transition will be much easier for periodicals and books, because theyare more highly market-oriented; television will find it more difficult,because of now abnormally television is structured in China, burdened by bothideology and monopoly. Regardless, an investment of forty-five billion RMB forexternal propaganda willnot encourage transformation.

#8 这个外宣媒体让我很困惑的,是不是会解决很多外国人就业的问题?
南加州大学传媒系尼古拉斯卡尔教授有个精辟之见,他把中国政府通过报纸、电视和文化交流作出的一系列努力称作是通过对外宣传的对内宣传。换言之,对中国政府来说,让中国人看到他们在向全世界宣传中国文化更为重要。很多人在质疑外宣的效果,这是树错了靶子

Q8: This externalpropaganda media leaves me feeling quite confused; is it supposed to createjobs for a lot of foreigners?
A8: Journalism professor at the University of Southern California Nicholas Cullput it very precisely. He said that the Chinese government has relied onnewspapers, television and cultural exchanges in a series of attempts at whatis called “internal propaganda through external propaganda”. Put another way,the way the Chinese government sees it, letting the Chinese people see thatChinese culture is being promoted to the entire world is the most important.Many people doubt the effects of propaganda, seeing it as barking up the wrongtree.

#9 那么中国教授呢?在教室里,是否也需要時常自我審查?尺度是什么?
尺度?跟媒体的情形一样吧,存在于边界的试探之中。当年关于淫秽物品的界定在美国有个笑话:淫秽物品?它从来不能成功地用浅显易懂的语言界定,但是当我看到它时,我就知道它是。在中国,言论的非法与失当,也是如此吧。

Q9: What aboutChinese academics then? In the classroom, do they regularly need toself-censor? And what is the yardstick for that?
A9: Yardstick? No different than that for media, it extends as far as peopleare willing to probe. Back in the day, there was a joke in America about thedefinition of obscene material: ‘Obscene material? I know it when Isee it.‘ In China, whether speech is inappropriate or illegal, goes aboutthe same.

#10 如果倒退回20年,有互联网,是不是社会看上去比今天更乐观一些?
呵呵,回到未来……80年代是中国60年最好的时光,那时,至少有两个重大”——重大事情让人民知道,重大问题经人民讨论……想想看,用互联网实现两个重大,是不是更乐观一些?

Q10: If theInternet had been around twenty years ago, do you think society would have beena bit more optimistic than it is today?
A10: Haha, back to the future…..the eighties were the best years of China overthe past sixty years. Back then, we at least hadthe “Two Majors”, the ‘Major Affairs The People Need To Know' and ‘MajorAffairs The People Need To Discuss'…if you think about it, using the Internetfulfills both the Two Majors, isn't that a bit more optimistic?

 

在英文翻译后面,有个叫southpug的网友评论道:

 

I don’tmean to offend, but each question can do an interview, otherwise it is toonarrow and seems like Cacophony. They are good topics indeed.

 

Twitter采访是不是喧哗和噪音?网友Vin也认为是的

 

Twitter作采访,和添加QQ好友 /Email/书信作采访,最大的不同是Twitter是即时公开的,确实有点像live版的电视座谈——但如作者所说,这个环境是嘈杂的。这种情况下,观众随时都在发表言论,也极可能不被理会,真正作为采访发布的仍然是后期的整理。我并不认为这是有新意的,它是一种效率低下的聊天方式,没有动作眼神的肢体交流,没有书信往来的情感流露,没有道具刺激被访者的感情,整理可能也缺乏专业性——Q&A? 或许可以吧。我更看好YouTube的采访视频,观众可以针对某一段发表评论,但都不会干扰访谈对话的交流。如果需要被访者解答问题,事后给他Twitter吧。

 

我和Isaac都不同意这种观点,用Isaac的话来说:“你可以想象电视台的演播室有人走来走去,却有两个人在嘈杂声中大声聊天,还随时放浪大笑或者吃点零食什么的。这肯定是传统媒体无法忍受的。”他说我们俩就像在一个宇宙空间,用若隐若现的信息传递来做问答,同时分享给其他观众。“这是一个广谱并发的媒体空间体验”,“希望新闻记者们都有一天在用Twinterview的方式,在任何角落对时新闻事件做‘全球多声直播’。眼下还是初级阶段,工具和方法会在积累中获得更多提升,不必害怕。”

的确,由于是初步尝试,这种公共访谈还可以有许多改进之处,比如网友Jack Zhan说,如果事先约好用同一个标签,这样一搜索这个标签,就能串起来看了。

 

 

 

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